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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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and, I arn sorry to say., at the hands of our other Ally, Russia.    We cannot
afforcl> nor can Europe afford, to allow this to happen.
" What does Russia demand of Poland ?    She demands half her territory,
and that she should be governed by the Lublin Committee, which, the world
knows, is an utterly unrepresentative body of Poles, provided by Russia,,
and whose authority and power rest solely on the Russian N.K.V.D., or
political police, the child of the O.G.P.U., and Russian bayonets.    In
other words, the Polish Government are to surrender half their country to
Russia, and to accept Russian Government in all but name over what remains.
Is it any wonder that both M. Mikolajczyk and the present Polish Govern-
ment refused to set their hands to what would have been nothing else but
the suicide-warrant of their country and their nation ?    Further, it was
expected of them to agree to this without any positive guarantees of the
independence of Poland.    We know for a fact that the United  States
Government have definitely refused any guarantee for Poland.    There were
some verbal assurances given by the Prime Minister when last he spoke on
this subject, and there have been statements by Mr. Stalin j but, unfortu-
nately, there have been other statements by Mr. Stalin which have not
subsequently been implemented.    Naturally, Mr. Mikolajczyk's Govern-
ment were unable to agree to these terms and signified their unanimous
refusal to the British Government on 3rd November.    Therefore, it seems
unfair that any persons should charge the present Polish Government with
being necessarily less willing to meet the Russian demands than the former
Polish Government.    It may be asked, what is the moral justification for
such demands being put to Poland, our martyred Ally, who gave us such
indispensable aid at the time of the Battle of Britain, and who was the first
Power to fight against Nazi Germany ?    The answer is, absolutely none.
In fact, we are morally and textually bound, by Article 3 of our guarantee of
1939, to Poland, to support Poland not only against armed aggression, but
against any attempt to * undermine Polish independence, by processe: of
economic penetration or in any other way/    When Hitler, in August, 1939,
sought to persuade us to dis-interest ourselves in the fate of Poland, the
British Government of those days replied :
4 The German Government will be aware that His Majesty's Govern-
ment have obligations to Poland, by which they are bound, and which
they intend to honour.    They could not, for any advantage offered to
Great Britain, acquiesce in a settlement which put in jeopardy the inde-
pendence of a State to whom they have given their guarantee."
That was the voice of Britain in August, 1939, when we were materially a
very weak Power; but our moral courage then was indeed great.    Has
anything happened since then to make us weaker in material force or in any
degree less courageous ?   Has Poland since then done anything to lessen
our esteem for her ?    Perhaps the behaviour of Polish troops at Monte
Cassino and at Falaise may be mentioned.     Has Poland done anything to
justify us in ignoring those solemn obligations in which she, then and now,
has placed her trust. If any nation has spilled her blood more readily in the
common cause than Poland, I have yet to hear of it.    Five million Poles have
so far died in the struggle against Germany—one in every seven of the
population—and they are still dying, in Poland and on every battle front.
And why ?   Are 5,000,000 Poles dying for half their territories to pass at
once under an alien yoke, and the rest of their territory to be governed by a
stranger ?    If the Briton of 1944 or 1945 were to consent to such an outrage,
the Briton of 1939 would be the first to testify against him, and to disown
such dishonourable behaviour.   Why should we now  shamelessly cast
away our reputation as the defenders of honour and European civilisation ?